What are the different types of actions in QTP?

What are actions in QTP?

Actions divide the test in to logical sections, while creating a new test, it contains only one action, by dividing the tests into multiple actions, more modular and efficient tests can be designed, in general, Actions are

It gives the best way of grouping separate codes into business logic

Are pretty similar to Functions in VB Script

It has its data Table and Object Repository (in case of per action Object Repository)

Supports input and out parameters

Normal Action –Is a default Action for a test, this type of action cannot be called for other tests, can be used only in the current actions.

Reusable Action –Just an opposite of normal action, it can be called in other QTP tests.

QTP doesn’t not allow calling another test within the test ,  Test flow represent the top level action, Complete test flow can only be viewed in Keyboard views.

To divide the test in to actions, a new action can be inserted, an existing action can be split into two actions, an existing action can be copied, or an existing action can be called, A new action can be inserted in to test during recording session or afterwards, one of the following menu options or toolbar buttons can be add actions to the test.

Three ways to insert action into a test.

Insert Call to New

Insert Call to Copy

Insert call to Existing

Insert call to New Actions:

From Menu Insert ->call to new action creates a new action and adds a call to the same

Adds below line to the code

RunAction “Cancel Ticket”, oneIteration ‘For cancelling the ticket’

insert call to new actions
insert call to new actions

Actions –Insert Call to Existing Action

Insert Call to Existing –User needs to insert to a reusable action located within the same test or some other test, only reusable actions can be called.

This includes the call to the existing action; in case the action is present in some other test case then a read only copy of action is inserted

insert call to existing actions in qtp
insert call to existing actions in qtp

Actions –Insert Call to Copy of Action

Insert Call to Copy –Inserts call to an existing action and creates an editable copy of that action

Actions cannot be deleted from a test from expert view, To delete a action one must go to the keyboard view and delete the action

Calling an action cannot possible by directly entering into  Expert view, it should be added by GUI.

How to rename an action

Select the desired action in the action dropdown and use a shortcut (SHIFT+F2) or From Edit Menu ->Action ->Rename Action

How to delete an Action

To delete an action From Edit Menu->Action->Delete Action

How to convert non reusable action in to reusable action

Select the desired non reusable action from the dropdown, From Edit menu ->Action->Action Properties General Tab->Check Reusable Action and click ok

How to do Split Action

Let’s take an example of login and logout of QTP

Steps:

  1. Record Login script of Flight reservation
  2. Edit Menu->Action ->Split Action->Click Independent of each other to maintain separate actions
  3. Use Nested action to split it, Enter Action1 name and Action2 name
split actions in qtp
split actions in qtp

 

How to change Action Frequency:

To Change Action Frequency File->Settings->In Test settings->Run tab ->Select Run one iteration only, By default it is Run all rows, in this Tab you can control From which row to which row should execute by selecting “Run From row” Enter 1 to 5

3 thoughts on “What are the different types of actions in QTP?”

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